Fox Terrier:Breed Information, Characteristics, Temperament, Health, Grooming, and Training


A close up of a dog

Introduction

Fox terriers are small to medium-sized dogs that were originally bred for hunting foxes. They have a strong prey drive and are still used for hunting today. Fox terriers come in two varieties: the smooth fox terrier and the wire fox terrier.

History

A large brown dog lying on the floor

The fox terrier breed originated in the United Kingdom, where fox hunting was a popular sport. The fox terrier was used to locate and drive foxes out of their hiding spots and pursue them until they were caught by the hunter.

Breed Information

A dog sitting in the grass

Physically, fox terriers are small- to medium-sized dogs with short fur that can be smooth or wiry in texture. They have powerful jaws, scissor-like teeth, and keen senses of smell and hearing. Fox terriers also have an energetic disposition, making them great companions for active families. However, they require frequent exercise and socialization throughout their lives to prevent behavioral issues.

Physical Characteristics

Fox terriers have muscular bodies that are well-suited for running and chasing prey. They have small, piercing eyes, long muzzles, erect ears, and strong jaws. Their coats can be smooth or wirehaired and come in a range of colors including brown, black, blue, white, tan, fawn, or brindle.

Temperament

Fox terriers are energetic dogs that love to run around and play. They are intelligent animals that will require regular mental and physical stimulation to prevent boredom. Additionally, fox terriers are independent dogs that can be stubborn and headstrong at times. With proper socialization and training, however, they can be good companion animals.

Health

Fox terriers are generally a healthy breed, but there are some health conditions that they are susceptible to. In terms of health concerns, fox terriers may be prone to certain conditions including:

  • Allergies: Fox terriers are prone to allergies, both environmental and food-related. Symptoms can include itchiness, excessive licking, and paw chewing. If your fox terrier is displaying any of these symptoms, it’s important to take them to the vet for a diagnosis.
  • Dental Issues: Fox terriers are prone to dental issues such as periodontal disease and tooth decay, which can lead to more serious health problems. Regular dental care, including brushing their teeth at least a few times per week, is essential for fox terrier dogs.
  • Ear Infections: Fox terriers are also susceptible to ear infections, which can cause significant discomfort and irritation for the dog. If you notice excessive scratching or head shaking on your fox terrier, it’s important to take them to the vet for a proper diagnosis and treatment plan.
  • Eye Problems: Like many other dog breeds, fox terriers are also prone to eye problems like dry eyes and glaucoma. These conditions require regular veterinary checkups in order to monitor and treat if necessary.
  • Hip Dysplasia: Hip dysplasia is a common condition in fox terriers and can cause pain and lameness in the affected dog. Regular vet checkups are important in order to catch this condition early and begin treatment.
  • Luxating Patella: Luxating patella is a condition where the kneecap dislocates from its normal position. This can be extremely painful for dogs and require surgery to correct. Fox terriers are particularly prone to this condition, so regular vet checkups are essential.
  • Von Willebrand’s Disease: Von Willebrand’s disease is a bleeding disorder that fox terriers are particularly susceptible to.

Grooming

Fox terriers require regular grooming to maintain their coats and prevent mats or tangles. Their nails should be trimmed regularly, and their ears should be checked and cleaned on a weekly basis to prevent infection. Fox terriers require regular grooming to keep their coats clean and free of mats or tangles. Smooth-coated fox terriers should be brushed weekly, while the wirehaired fox terrier may need brushing more frequently. Their nails should also be trimmed regularly, and their ears should be cleaned and checked on a weekly basis to prevent infection.

Training

Fox terriers are intelligent dogs that can be trained with positive reinforcement techniques like reward-based training or clicker training. They require frequent socialization and mental stimulation to help prevent boredom and behavioral issues. Fox terriers can be willful at times, so it is important to start training early and be consistent with your commands.

Conclusion

Fox terriers are small to medium-sized dogs that were originally bred for hunting foxes. They have a strong prey drive and are still used for hunting today. Fox terriers come in two varieties: the smooth fox terrier and the wire fox terrier, and they are characterized by their muscular bodies, short fur, and energetic disposition. However, fox terriers do require frequent exercise and socialization throughout their lives to prevent behavioral issues. With regular grooming, training, and veterinary care, fox terriers can make wonderful companions for families with active lifestyles.​

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